Tommaso Landolfi (1908 –1979) was an Italian author, translator and literary critic. He studied Russian language and literature at the University of Florence, and translated much Russian literature like Pushkin, Gogol, and Dostoevsky into Italian, but also Edgar Allan Poe. His work reveals a clear influence by these writers he so much admired.
He wrote a number of short stories and novels, poetry and theatrical pieces. At the age of 39 he wrote Racconto d’Autunno (1947), his best known work outside Italy. He won a number of awards, including the prestigious Strega Prize in 1975. Calvino, Montale, and Natalia Ginzburg admired him, but he kept apart from literary circles.